THERE ARE SEVEN SACRAMENTS IN THE CATHOLIC CHURCH…
Sacraments are “efficacious signs of grace, instituted by Christ and entrusted to the Church, by which divine life is dispensed to us.” (CCC #1131) In easier-to-understand terms, sacraments are outward signs instituted by Christ to give grace. There are visible (i.e., water, oil, bread, and wine) and invisible (i.e., grace) elements to each sacrament.
There are seven sacraments, but we categorize them into smaller groups which helps us to understand their purpose.
Sacraments of Initiation: Baptism, Eucharist, Confirmation
Sacraments of Healing: Reconciliation (Confession), Anointing of the Sick
Sacraments of Vocation: Matrimony, Holy Orders